Zeynep Sultan Mosque
Zeynep Sultan Mosque (in Turkish Zeynep Sultan Camii) is a mosque built in 1769 by Ayazma Mosque’s architect Mehmet Tahir Aga for Ahmed III’s daughter Zeynep Asime Sultan. It evokes Byzantine churches because of its architectural style and materials that were used in its construction.
The mosque is on Alemdar Caddesi (Street) in Istanbul, across the street from Gülhane Park, not far from the Hagia Sophia, and viewable from the tram that circulates the city. In the back side of the mosque, there is a building, which was once used as mektep and now being used as primary school. The part once used as sebil is now closed. In front of the mosque, there is a fountain, which was actually part of Abdul-Hamid I’s külliye. The fountain was carried here in 1920s when 4. Vakıf Han’s construction in Eminönü. The “Osmanlı Araştırmaları Vakfı” (English: Foundation for Research on the Ottoman Empire is above the mosque.
Ottoman military hero Alemdar Mustafa Pasha’s grave is in hazîre of the mosque and due to road construction Zeynep Sultan’s corpse in the cellar is waiting for the time of her new tomb’s construction. The grave of Melek Mehmet Pasha (in office 1792-1794), who was Selim III’s Grand Vizier and Zeynep Sultan’s husband, is also in the hazîre of the mosque.